Piles or Hemorrhoids are blood filled, tortuous veins in the anus or lower rectum. Hemorrhoids occur due to a lot of compounding factors. It is very common in males and females.
Hemorrhoids are formed inside the rectum (internal haemorrhoids). They can’t be seen or felt and generally do not cause discomfort. However, passing stools can cause Bloodstained stools. Hemorrhoids are formed around the anus (external haemorrhoids). Thrombosed Hemorrhoids is a condition in which blood accumulates in external haemorrhoids and coagulates.
External haemorrhoids have the following symptoms,
- Soreness and itchiness around anus.
- Dull ache and uneasiness.
- Swelling on the skin around the anus.
- Bleeding in severe cases.
Thrombosed haemorrhoids have the following symptoms,
- Hard lump near the anus.
- Severe pain
There are a lot of efficient treatment options but all of it requires dietary and lifestyle modifications to prevent recurrence.
The various causes of piles are,
- strenuous bowel movement
- Diet with low fiber
- Chronic diarrhoea.
- Prolonged sitting on the toilet seat.
- Lifting heavy objects regularly.
- anal intercourse.
- Genetical association
Blood stains in stools, what do I do??
As Rectal bleeding is not exclusive to haemorrhoids, it is best if a professional medical help is sought upon encountering any of the above symptoms to rule out grave causes like anal and rectal cancer.
The diagnosis confirmation begins with an initial evaluation of the symptoms followed by a physical examination (digital examination). A Sigmoidoscopy may be recommended, should the doctor feel any abnormality in the structure of the rectum on physical examination. It is a small fiber-optic camera that is inserted through the anus to the rectum to get a clear view of the rectum and colon, confirm on the pathology and decide on the course of treatment.
Based on the stage, the type of piles and the level of discomfort, the doctor may recommend either medical line of treatment or surgical line of treatment.
Haemorrhoidectomy is a minimally invasive surgery. Laser Haemorrhoidoplasty (LHP) is the modern, novel technique used for the treatment of advanced haemorrhoids under local, general or spinal anaesthesia with less chance recurrence post procedure.
Get checked and get treated at the earliest. If you are looking for professional medical help, look no further. Book an appointment with our doctors at OneHealth hospital to know more and to discuss your treatment options.