Hernias are extrusion or descent of mesentery (A fatty-blanket-like organ in the abdomen) or bowel loops (abdominal contents) through a weak area in the abdomen. The weakening can occur due to various reasons and the hernias are named depending on their location. Inguinal hernias are extrusions of the abdominal content into the inguinal canal (left or right).
Many do not seek medical help because when the herniations are small as they cause little to no symptoms. The doctor too may recommend just observation or wearing a truss to support the bulge and prevent further progression when hernias are small and don’t cause discomfort. However, if the hernia continues to enlarge and is painful, surgery is the only course of action hence, an evaluation by a doctor in cases of hernia is of utmost importance as it can help prevent complications in the future.
Inguinal hernias may be Indirect or direct and can get incarcerated or strangulated which are life threatening complications of an untreated inguinal hernia.
Causes of inguinal hernia:
Herniation is due to any reasons that causes weaking of abdominal wall or due to an increased abdominal pressure which again may be due to a multitude of factors. Some of the common reasons are,
- Strenuous urination (prostatomegaly)
- Strenuous bowel movements (constipation)
- Strained coughing or frequent sneezing
- Frequent vigorous activity
- Family history
- Low birth weight or premature birth
Diagnosis for Inguinal Hernia
The attending doctor will evaluate you while standing. You may be asked to cough while standing, as the herniation becomes prominent on coughing. Imaging studies may include abdominal ultrasound, CT, or MRI scans as and when deemed appropriate. Open surgical repair as well as minimally invasive laparoscopic options are available for hernia treatment.
In open hernioplasty, an incision is made in the inguinal region area and the bulging abdominal contents are pushed back into the abdomen. The weakened area is then stitched with a mesh to re-enforce support. The incision is then closed with surgical glue, staples, or stitches.
Laparoscopic surgeries in hernia repair are minimally invasive surgery where small incisions are made, Gas is used to inflate the abdomen to have a better view and surgical instruments are used to relieve any extrusions. Post-procedural recovery in laparoscopy is faster on comparison. So, Get checked and get treated at the earliest to avoid complications. If you are looking for professional medical help, then look no further. Book an appointment with our doctors at OneHealth hospital to know more and to discuss your treatment options.